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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Manuscript submission instructions

  1. Contributors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce any material in which they do not own copyright, to be used in both print and electronic media, and for ensuring that appropriate acknowledgement is included in their manuscript.
  2. The journal accepts a manuscript on the understanding that its content is original and that it had not been accepted for publication or review elsewhere. Once accepted for publication, copyright resides with the author. 
  3. Manuscripts must be submitted online in MS-Word format at
  4. Any enquiries should be directed to
  5. Authors are also responsible for online acknowledgement of the statement of ethical contributions to International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Studies (IJEASS).
  6. Authors should follow the International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Studies (IJEASS) template
  7. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed. Please do not put author(s) name and institution(s) into manuscript.

Authorship Principles

The Journal and Publisher assume that all authors agreed to the material and granted explicit approval to submit, as well as that they acquired consent from the appropriate authorities at the institute/organization where the study was conducted, prior to submitting the work.

The Publisher makes no distinction between the kind of contributions that merit authorship. It is advised that authors follow the authorship criteria that are pertinent to their particular field of research. In the lack of particular criteria, the following guidelines are recommended:

All authors listed on the submission

1) contributed significantly to the work's idea or design; or to the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data; or to the development of new software utilized in the work;

2) authored the work or significantly edited it for significant intellectual content;

3) authorized the final version for publication; and

4) agree to be accountable for all parts of the work, including the investigation and resolution of any concerns about the accuracy or integrity of any portion of the work.

Author's Ethical Responsibilities

This journal is committed to maintaining the scientific record's integrity. The journal will adhere to COPE policies on potential acts of misconduct. Authors should avoid misrepresenting study findings, as this could jeopardize the journal's credibility, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and eventually the entire scientific enterprise. Maintaining the integrity of the study and its presentation is facilitated by adhering to the following rules of good scientific practice*:

The manuscript should not be submitted concurrently to more than one journal.

The submitted work must be unique and should not have been previously published in any form or language (in whole or in part), unless the new work represents an expansion of previously published material. (Please be transparent about material reuse to allay worries about text recycling ('self-plagiarism').

A single study should not be divided into multiple sections and submitted to multiple journals or to the same journal over time (i.e.,'salami-slicing/publishing').

Concurrent or secondary publication is occasionally justified under specific circumstances. Translations or manuscripts aimed at a different audience are examples.

The findings should be presented plainly and honestly, without fabrication, falsification, or improper data modification (including image based manipulation). Authors should follow discipline-specific data acquisition, selection, and processing guidelines. No data, text, or theory from another source is presented as the author's own ('plagiarism'). Appropriate acknowledgements to other works must be provided (this includes material that has been closely copied (near verbatim), summarized, and/or paraphrased), quotation marks (to indicate words taken from another source) must be used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions must be secured for copyrighted material.

Authors should ensure that their studies have clearance to use software, questionnaires/(web) surveys, and scales (if appropriate). Both research papers and non-research articles (e.g., Opinion, Review, and Commentary articles) must mention relevant and appropriate literature to substantiate their findings. Excessive and inappropriate self-citation, as well as collaborative efforts by numerous authors to self-cite collectively, are strongly discouraged.

Authors should avoid making false assertions about an entity (which could be a human or a business) or describing their behavior or acts in ways that could be construed as personal attacks or allegations against that person.

Research that could be misused to endanger public health or national security should be noted explicitly in the manuscript (e.g. dual use of research). Examples include the development of hazardous biological agents or toxins, the breakdown of vaccine-induced immunity, unexpected dangers associated with chemical use, and the weaponization of research/technology (amongst others).

Authors are highly encouraged to double-check the author group, the Corresponding Author, and the author order prior to submission. While adding and/or deleting authors during the revision process is normally not authorized, it may be justified in rare circumstances. The reasons for authorship changes should be described in full. Please keep in mind that changes to authorship cannot be changed after a submission has been accepted. All of the above are guidelines, and authors must ensure that third-party rights such as copyright and/or moral rights are respected.

Authors should be prepared to provide pertinent evidence or data upon request in order to substantiate the authenticity of the results given. This may take the form of raw data, samples, or recordings, among other things. Sensitive data, such as confidential or proprietary information, is excluded.

If there is reason to suspect wrongdoing or alleged fraud, the Journal and/or Publisher will conduct an investigation in accordance with COPE rules. If relevant complaints are discovered throughout the investigation, the author(s) concerned will be notified via their provided e-mail address and given the opportunity to remedy the issue. This may result in the Journal and/or Publisher implementing the following procedures, among others:

The manuscript may be rejected and returned to the author if it is still under examination.

If the article has already been published online, the following steps may be taken, depending on the nature and severity of the offense:

- an article may include an erratum/correction.

- a note of concern may accompany the article.

- or, in severe situations, the piece may be retracted.

The rationale for the erratum/correction, expression of worry, or retraction note shall be specified in the published erratum/correction, expression of concern, or retraction note. Please note that retracting an article means that it remains on the platform but is watermarked with the word "retracted," and an explanation for the retraction is supplied in a note linked to the watermarked item.

The institution of the author may be notified.

A notice of alleged ethical standards violations during the peer review process may be put in the author's and article's bibliographic record.

Manuscript preparation
All pages should be 1,5 spaced, Abadi MT Std Extra Light font size 12 (including references) with 2,5 cm margins on all sides and must be between 5000-7000 words in length, including references, tables, and appendices. Your manuscript should include in a single file.

  1. The title and the abstract should be on one page. The abstract should not exceed 250 words. This page should not contain any indication of the identification of the author(s). Below the abstract, include a list of keywords that represent your article.
  2. Footnotes should not be used, except for additional information. Endnotes should be kept to a minimum and indicated by superscript Arabic numbers in the text. They should be double-spaced and not include displayed formulae or tables.
  3. All References in the manuscript should use Mendeley Reference Manager with APA Style.
  4. Tables should be numbered consecutively in the text, with a note inserted to indicate placement. Each table should be on a separate page with a descriptive title and headings for columns and rows. 
  5. Figures or illustrations for accepted manuscripts should be numbered consecutively and in professional-quality, camera-ready form in black ink on white paper. Each should have a caption and lettering should be legible after reduction to size and also should be on a separate page.
  6. Appendices should be lettered to distinguish them from numbered tables and figures in the text. Each appendix should include a descriptive title.


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