Analysis of Runway Incursion Incident Using Report for the Years 2012-2022




Aviation, Runway Incursion, Pilot, Air Traffic Control, KNKT


Runway incursion is a serious problem in industry flights that could threaten flight safety. This research aims to analyze the main causes of several events runway incursions that occurred in Indonesia based on KNKT reports from 2012 to 2022. The National Transportation Safety Committee is an institution of the Indonesian non-structural government that is responsible for investigating and analyzing transport accidents and incidents, including aviation, maritime, rail, and road accidents. This study covers a 10-year period to understand trends, causal factors, and safety of airport operations in Indonesia. This study employs a qualitative approach using literature study methods. The study’s findings indicate that several factors contribute to runway incursion incidents. In addition, it can be used as a basis for increasing awareness, communication, and coordination between Air Traffic Control and pilots in reducing the risk of runway incursion. Analysis showed that there was a communication error between the ATC and the pilot as the main cause. Misunderstanding of instructions, lack of coordination between Air Traffic Control with different frequencies, and lack of clear understanding are the main factors in the occurrence of runway incursions in Indonesia.


Agarwal, S., & Sharma, A. (2023). “PiezoPort” energy harvesting on airport runway using piezoelectric devices. Digest of Technical Papers - InnoTek 2014: 2014 IEEE Innovations in Technology Conference, 1–7.

Ahmed, M. S., Alam, S., & Barlow, M. (2018). A Cooperative Co-Evolutionary optimisation model for best-fit aircraft sequence and feasible runway configuration in a multi-runway airport. Aerospace, 5(3), 1–26.

Eid, J., & Jensen, P. B. (2021). Runway Incursions in Norway 2009-2019: a Case Study of Extended Investigation Reports. The Polish Journal of Aviation Medicine, Bioengineering and Psychology, 25(3), 5–14.

Filyashkin, M. K., & Sidorenko, M. V. (2020). Short Runway Landing Automation. Electronics and Control Systems, 4(66), 51–56.

Ge, X., Shao, S., & Meng, Y. (2022). Influence of Head up Display on Visual Fatigue and Eye-Hand Discoordination in Runway Incursion Scenarios. Human Error, Reliability, Resilience, and Performance, 33, 43–51.

Hieu, N. Van, Thuy, D. Van, & Tung, V. M. (2019). A STUDY ON ROUGHNESS EVALUATION OF K AERODROME ’ S RUNWAY 2 . Basis of some methods for evaluating airport pavement roughness. (Table 1), 53–61.

Ison, D. C. (2020). Analysis of runway incursion trends: Implications for cost-benefit analysis of mitigation investments. International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace, 7(1).

Jiang, L., Yang, P., Ma, X., Yang, H., Li, T., & Yang, J. H. (2020). Comparison of Detection Technology for Runway Incursion Prevention in Airport Hot Spot. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1570(1).

Liu, S., Ling, J., Tian, Y., Hou, T., & Zhao, X. (2022). Random Vibration Analysis of a Coupled Aircraft/Runway Modeled System for Runway Evaluation. Sustainability (Switzerland), 14(5), 1–12.

Noever, D. A. (2022). Runway Extraction and Improved Mapping from Space Imagery. 97–108.

Peter, P., & Umap, P. V. S. (2021). A Review- Risk Assessment of Runway Overrun Incursion. International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 4099, 455–458.

Roksolyana, K. (2019). Modern Technologies As a Component of the Runway Scenography. World Science, 2(2(42)), 52–55.

Sambo, A. M., Othman, M. F., & Omar, R. (2017). Liberia’s Post-1990 Ecomog Incursion: An Assessment of Anglophone – Francophone Dichotomy. Journal International Studies, 13, 47–65.

Samuel, A. O. (2022). US Incursion in Afghanistan: Right or Necessity. International Journal of Emerging Multidisciplinaries …, 1(January 1980), 1–16. Retrieved from

Shi, X., Cai, L., & Wang, G. (2021). Traffic Volumes Test of Airport Runway. Stavební Obzor - Civil Engineering Journal, 30(1), 63–77.

Supardam, D., & Fitrianti, S. N. Y. R. (2020). The Impact of Lack of Information regarding Runway Conditions after The Rain to Flight Safety. Jurnal Teknik Dan Keselamatan Transportasi, 3, 30–34.

Suroso, H. C., & Revadi, C. E. (2019). The Main Factors that Affect Pilot Attention and Decision Making During Landing Operation Leading to Runway Incursion. 17(Icoemis), 95–102.

Zagrajek, P., & Hoszman, A. (2019). Runway Charges - Airport Management Perspective. Transport Economics and Logistics, 83, 127–137.


Article Metrics


March 31, 2024

Citation Check

How to Cite

Islam, F., & Aulia, W. A. R. (2024). Analysis of Runway Incursion Incident Using Report for the Years 2012-2022. People and Behavior Analysis, 2(1), 61–74.



People & Behavior Analysis in Aviation Context

Article Index