Author Guidelines


Type of Paper

People and Behavior Analysis opens for original research papers, conceptual papers, articles reviews and editorial article with following explanation:

  • Research paper.  This takes in author research, including the construction or development or testing of a model or research framework, data and hypothesis testing, market research, surveys, empirical research, and action research.
  • Conceptual paper. This study is in the form of developing a hypothesis that focuses on the philosophical discussion by comparing previous studies belonging to other authors.
  • Article reviews. The author, through this study, focuses on developing study topics and exploring different perspectives from other authors. This study is intended to annotate, review, and/or criticize the literature on a particular knowledge domain. Bibliography/papers selection with a focus on selected topic keywords needs to be done to narrow down studies using structured or unstructured literature.
  • Editorial Article. This paper is intended for editors and section editors who submit to the journal.

Author should choose the type of the paper while submit in Open Journal System:


Manuscript Preparation

  •  Formatting

Manuscripts must be submitted online in MS-Word format using English language. All pages should be 1.15 spaced, Cambria font size 10.5 (including references) with 2.75 cm margins on all sides, and must be between 5000-7000 words in length, including references, tables, and appendices. Your manuscript should include in a single file. 

The submitted manuscript should encompass two documents:

  1. Title Page: Title, Author Name, ORCID iDs from each author, Author Affiliation, Abstract and Keywords, Acknowledgments (optional), Author Contributions, Conflicts of Interest. Please use this title page template 
  2. Blind Manuscript: Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Literature Review, Research Method, Findings and Discussion, Conclusions, Limitations & Further Research, and References. Please use this blind manuscript template

The title page and blind manuscript template can be accessed by clicking the “Article Template” Menu in the sidebar.

  • Manuscript Detail

The author should write the manuscript with the following template arrangement:


The article title normally has maximum of 15 words. The title should be concise and informative. Author name and affiliation mark with superscript numbering 1,2, etc. following the different author affiliations.


Abstract should tell the prospective reader what you did and highlight the key findings. Avoid using technical jargon and uncommon abbreviations. The abstract should not exceed 250 words. This page should not contain any indication of the identification of the author(s). 


Keywords are the labels of manuscript and are critical to correct indexing and searching. Therefore, the keywords should represent the content and highlight the article. Use only those firmly established abbreviations in the field.


Authors should provide an adequate background and a very short literature survey to record the existing solutions/method, to show which is the best of previous research, to show the main limitation of the previous researches, to show what you hope to achieve (to solve the limitation), and to show the scientific merit or novelties of the paper. The author should state the objectives of the work at the end of the introduction section.

Literature Review

The literature review represents the theoretical core of an article. A literature review aims to “look again” at what other researchers have done regarding a specific topic. A good literature review should not merely provide a summary of previous relevant research; the researcher is also expected to critically evaluate, re-organize and synthesize the work of others.

Research Method

Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. A reference should indicate published methods; only relevant modifications should be described. For the article review, the bibliography/paper selection should be presented in the flowchart or flow diagram.

Findings and Discussion

The results should summarize (scientific) findings. This section should highlight differences between your results or findings and the previous publications by other researchers.


Conclusions should answer the objectives of the research. It tells how the work advances the field from the present state of knowledge.

Limitation and Further Research

The limitations of the study are those characteristics of design or methodology that impacted or influenced the interpretation of the findings from the research. Further research should suggest the number of gaps in our knowledge that follow from the findings or extend and further test the research.

Acknowledgement (optional)

This section is used to express gratitude to certain parties or institutions, through supporting grants or cooperation.

Tables and Figures

For tables, they are sequentially numbered with the table title and number above the table. Tables should be numbered consecutively in the text, with a note inserted to indicate placement. Tables should be centered in the column or on the page. The table should be borders at the bottom, top, and inside horizontal. The table caption should be centered at the top of the table. 

The author can add relevant figures or graphs supporting your studies. The figure/graphs caption should be centered at the bottom of the figure/graph. The figure/graph should be clear, in professional quality, with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi, and saved as JPG to avoid miss layout. Each should have a caption, and the lettering should be legible after size reduction. Figure/Graph must also be submitted in separate files on the OJS system with high resolution.


Footnotes should not be used except for additional information. Endnotes should be kept to a minimum and indicated by superscript Arabic numbers in the text. They should be double-spaced and not include displayed formulae or tables.


The citations and references must use Reference Manager Applications like EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero, etc, using APA style. All publications cited in the text should be included as a list of references. Every reference cited in the text must be in the reference list (and vice versa). Ensure that the manuscript provides comprehensive references (at least 30 articles, 80% from reputable journals). All article references must be included DOI using following style: 

Barney J (1991) Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management 17(1): 99–120. 

Jones P, et al. (2017) Let’s get physical: Stories of entrepreneurial activity from sports coaches/instructors. The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation 18(4): 219–230. 

Müller-Bloch C, Kranz J. (2015) A framework for rigorously identifying research gaps in qualitative literature reviews. In: Thirty Sixth International Conference on Information Systems, Fort Worth. Available at: (accessed 24 June 2018).

Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2003). Research methods for business students. Essex: Prentice Hall: Financial Times.


Appendices should be lettered to distinguish them from numbered tables and figures in the text. Each appendix should include a descriptive title.


Manuscript Submission

People and Behavior Analysis is hosted on the OJS system, a web-based online submission and peer review system driven by Public Knowledge Project. Log in and submit your manuscript here:

Before you log in, please check again whether you have previously registered on the domain If so, your account has been registered, and you can continue submitting using a registered account.

  • ORCID iDs

The inclusion of ORCID iDs is currently part of the submission in this journal as a form of commitment to the realization of ethical, fair, and transparent publications. ORCID has a unique and persistent digital identifier to distinguish authors even though they have the same name. This is an attempt to automatically link the authors with their work to be better recognized. Ensure all authors are linked to an ORCID iD via the OJS system. The ORCID iDs will be entered into the system repository and included in the published manuscript metadata. Thus, readers will easily access your ORCID iDs profile link and become a promotional medium in introducing your activities and other works.

If you do not already have an ORCID iD, you can register here: and learn more about ORCID here: 

  • Information Required for Submission

Please ensure the author and affiliation details in the metadata through the OJS system are the same as the manuscripts title page. For a peer-reviewed manuscript, the instructions for ensuring a blind review must be followed. Please do not put the author(s) name and institution(s) into the manuscript. Any inquiries should be directed to

  • Permissions

Contributors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce any material in which they do not own the copyright, to be used in both print and electronic media, and for ensuring that appropriate acknowledgment is included in their manuscript. The journal accepts a manuscript on the understanding that its content is original and has not been accepted for publication or review elsewhere. Once accepted for publication, the copyright resides with the author. Authors are also responsible for online acknowledgement of the statement of ethical contributions to People and Behavior Analysis.