Examination of the Role of Family Socioeconomic Status and Parental Education in Predicting English as a Foreign Language Learners' Receptive Skills Performance


  • Nining Suningsih Universitas Mulawarman, Indonesia, Indonesia




Socio-economy Status, English as a Foreign Language, Reading and Listening Comprehension


There is a stereotype of a correlation between family socioeconomic status and parental educational background with the student's achievement. Therefore, this study aims to know in-depth roles. Examine 60 students of Melati Junior High School Samarinda in their performance on reading and listening comprehension tasks. There is a significant relationship between SES and parents' educational background using the correlational method, non-experimental. Nevertheless, it s not always that students with low socioeconomic and parents' educational backgrounds get low scores and vice versa. Likewise, students with high educational backgrounds of their parents do not necessarily get high grades in school. Several factors revealed that SES and Educational background is the main predictor of academic achievement.


Download data is not yet available.


Bhandari, Prita (2020). An Introduction to Descriptive Statistics. https://www.scribbr.com/statistics/descriptive-statistics/. Accessed 14 January 2021.

Cheng Yong Tan, Meiyan Lyu & Baiwen Peng (2019): Academic Benefits from Parental Involvement are Stratified by Parental Socioeconomic Status: A Meta-analysis, Parenting. DOI: 10.1080/15295192.2019.1694836

Edmonds, W. A., & Kennedy, T. D. (2017). An applied guide to research designs: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods. Sage Publications.

Gubbins, Verónica & Otero, Gabriel (2019): Parental involvement and low-SES children’s academic achievement in early elementary school: new evidence from Chile, Educational Studies, DOI: 10.1080/03055698.2019.1620691

Halle, T., Hair, E., Wandner, L., McNamara, M., & Chien, N. (2012). Predictors and outcomes of early versus later English language proficiency among English language learners. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 27(1), 1–20. doi:10.1016/j.ecresq.2011.07.004

Hosseini-Shokouh, S. M., Arab, M., Khoshmanzar, J., Mousavi, S. M., & Bahadori, M. (2018). Design and validation of a questionnaire to assess household-level socioeconomic status: a mixed-methods study. The Lancet, 392, S80. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32154-8

Jaiswal, Sandeep Kumar. (2018). Influence of Parent’s Education on Parental Academic Involvement. Banaras Hindu University DOI: 10.29070/15/57555

Larson-Hall, J. (2015). A guide to doing statistics in second language research using SPSS and R. London & New York: Routledge.

Maksudah, Nelly (2018). Pengaruh kondisi sosial ekonomi orang tua terhadap hasil belajar siswa kelas VIII MTsn Susukan Kabupaten Semarang. Institut Agama Islam Negeri Salatiga.

Oxford Online English. (2020). English Listening Level Test. https://www.oxfordonlineenglish.com/english-level-test/listening. Accessed 14 December 2020

Oxford Online English. (2020). English Reading Level Test https://www.oxfordonlineenglish.com/english-level-test/reading. Accessed 14 December 2020

Privitera, G. J. (2022). Research methods for the behavioral sciences. Sage Publications.

Queen, Susan G. (2012). Assessing the potential for standardization of socio-economic status in HHS survey. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/ppt/nchs2012/SS-34_QUEEN.pdf. Accessed 14 January 2021

Saville-Troike, M., & Barto, K. (2016) P.130. Introducing second language acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Suna, H. E., Tanberkan, H., Gur, B. S., Perc, M., Ozer, M. (2020). Socioeconomic status and school type as predictors of academic achievement. Journal of Economy Culture and Society, 61, 41-64. https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2020-0034

Terfassa, A. D. (2018). The Relationship Between Parental Education and Children’s Academic Performance: The Case of Genda Tesfa Primary School, Dire Dawa. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 8(5), 10–16. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/234676263.pdf.

Weiss, H., Caspe, M., & Lopez, E. M. (2006). Family involvement in early childhood education (Family involvement makes a difference). Retrieved from https://archive.globalfrp.org/publications-resources/publications-series/family involvement-makes-a-difference/family-involvement-in-early-childhood-education


Article Metrics


September 30, 2022

Citation Check

How to Cite

Suningsih, N. (2022). Examination of the Role of Family Socioeconomic Status and Parental Education in Predicting English as a Foreign Language Learners’ Receptive Skills Performance. Journal of English As A Foreign Language Teaching and Research, 2(2), 21–29. https://doi.org/10.31098/jefltr.v2i2.981



Research Articles

Article Index